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Original

Stripped by

Written by
Language
English
Released on
Stripped


Single
February 10, 1986

Other release
Black Celebration

Black Celebration
Album
March 17, 1986

Licensing
Request a synchronization license

Meta

Added by Bastien

Versions

written by English

Title Performer Release date Info
Stripped 8 Bit Arcade 2019 Unverified
2009
2010
August 1, 2005
2005
2007
2003
2007
2011
February 10, 1986 First release
January 1996
2004
June 7, 2011
February 27, 2006
May 23, 2014
November 5, 2010
1999
June 1997
February 1999
2009
May 10, 2004
2015
November 2014
May 9, 2012
May 15, 2009
2005
2011
1997
1998
June 2003
2002
2003
May 15, 2009
July 15, 2016
1998
1991
November 8, 2004
October 4, 2005
March 1997
November 2005
2008
2008
2005
1998